Native American Resources
Picture: Left - Tivis, Kahchacha (wife) and baby Ada Tivis; Right - Perschy, Lucy, and baby Mary Perschy
This special collection is aimed at providing research material concerning the history and genealogy of the Kiowa, Comanche, Apache and Ft. Sill Apache tribes of Southwest Oklahoma. Found in the collection are histories, biographies, genealogies, theses and microfilmed records. For a list of books on the Comanches, please see the Comanche Resources page. Many of these books also pertain to the Apache, Fort Sill Apache, and the Kiowa tribes.
Selected Resources in the Family History Room
- Family Record Book: Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache Tribes, 1901, maintained by the Kiowa Agency.
- Kiowa Agency Census Rolls, 1869-1939
- Kiowa Agency Birth and Death Rolls, 1924-1932
- Kiowa Agency Births, Marriages, Divorces, Deaths, Wills, and Related Records, 1869-1925
- Kiowa Agency Estate Records, 1872-1925
- Fort Sill Apaches: Their Vital Statistics, Tribal Origins, and Antecedents, by Gillett Griswold
- Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache Obituaries, compiled by Sam DeVenney. 4 vols.
- Schedule of Land Allotments
- Cheyenne and Arapahoe Family Record Book, 1891, maintained by the Cantonment Area Office, BIA
- Indian allotments plat maps in Southwest Oklahoma
- Indian cemetery records
- Miscellaneous material in the Indian Vertical Files: a collection of news clippings, articles, pamphlets, genealogy sheets, pictures, etc.
Beginning American Indian Genealogy
By Barbara Morris Goodin
The following suggestions are primarily directed to the seven tribes of southwest Oklahoma: the Kiowa, Comanche, Apache, Wichita, Caddo, Delaware and Fort Sill Apache, however they will also work with other tribes.
1. Start tracing your family history with yourself. Begin by filling out an ancestral chart and work backwards.
2. Use ink for information you are certain of, and pencil for information you will need to confirm, or â€œprove.â€ Always site your sources.
3. More information can be placed on the family group sheets, so you will want to fill out sheets for each generation. Be sure you note from where you received your information.
4. Talk to elder family members for additional information. Remember our elders are our richest source of knowledge, and always let them know how much you appreciate their help.
5. Check the backs of old photographs, old newspaper articles and birth and death certificates for information.
6. Visit the Lawton Public Library's Family History Room. A copy of the 1901 Family Record Book for the Kiowa-Comanche-Apache tribes will be invaluable in your search. The 1900 O.T. and 1910 Oklahoma census is available for your use, along with other Indian census lists as early as 1869 and as late as 1939. Cemetery record books and Indian history can be found on the book shelves. Allow plenty of time to browse and become acquainted with all the Native American holdings in the family history room.
7. When you have exhausted all local sources you should contact the enrollment office of your tribal headquarters. Ask for any information they have on your family and get photo-copies of same. Some offices can even fill out a family tree if time permits.
8. Your next contact should be with the Research Department of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Anadarko where you will be able to view your ancestor's probates. You may be required to fill out a form that asks the reason you want the information and how you are related to the person(s) on whom you are seeking information.
9. When viewing the probates -- which will probably be on microfiche -- be sure and note if there are pages of testimony are included. The testimony can provide many clues on your extended family.
10. Keep in mind that Indian names were frequently misspelled, anglicized and even shortened for easier pronunciation by non-Indians. Always look over names carefully when searching census lists and other documents.
Compiled by Barbara Morris Goodin
Note: We have listed resources for information about Comanche people. Most of the books/documents can be found in the Lawton Public Library Family Research Room, Lawton OK, which participates in the inter-library loan system. If you cannot find a particular item in your local library, please inquire about inter-library loan. Other sources may be bookstores and on-line bookstores.
- 1901 Family Record Book: Kiowa Comanche Apache Tribes. Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1901.
- 1995 Centennial History Book: Post Oak Mission and Post Oak Mennonite Brethren Church. Taylor Publishing, 1995.
- A Guide to the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma, by Muriel Wright. University of Oklahoma Press, 1986.
- American Indian Leaders, edited by R. David Edmunds. University of Nebraska, 1980. - An Index To Area Indian Cemeteries (of Comanche County, OK), by Barbara and Kenneth Goodin, 1991.
- Being Comanche, by Morris W. Foster. University of Arizona Press, 1991. - Border Comanches, translated by Marc Simmons. Stagecoach Press, 1967.
- Carbine & Lance: The Story of Old Fort Sill, by William S. Nye. University of Oklahoma Press, 1969.
- Comanche and Kiowa Captives in Oklahoma and Texas, by Hugh D. Corwin. Cooperative Publishing Co., 1959.
- Comanche Barrier to Southern Plains Settlement, by Rupert N. Richardson. 1933.
- Comanche Belief and Rituals (thesis), by Daniel J. Gelo. University of New Jersey, Rutgers, 1986.
- Comanche Census, 1879-1885, compiled by Nancy McGowan Minor. 2005.
- Comanche Census, 1895 and 1905, compiled by Faye Riddles Washburn.
- Comanche Census, 1917, compiled by Linda Norman Garrison.
- Comanche Census, 1911, 1922, 1927, 1932, and 1937, compiled by Barbara Morris Goodin.
- Comanche Code Talkers of World War II, by Dr. William C. Meadows. University of Texas Press, 2003.
- Comanche, Kiowa & Apache Obituaries, by Sam DeVenney. Southwest Oklahoma Genealogical Society, 1999. - Comanche Land, by J. Emmor Harston
- Comanches in the New West, 1895-1908: Historical Photographs, text by Stanley Noyes with the assistance of Daniel J. Gelo, forward by Larry McMurtry. University of Texas at Austin, 1999.
- Comanches: Lords of the South Plains, by Wallace and Hoebel. University of Oklahoma Press. 1986. - Descendents of Titchywy, by Delores Titchywy Sumner. Tahlequah OK, 2000.
- Descendents of Wis-sis-che, by Delores Titchywy Sumner. Tahlequah OK, 2000. - Deyo Mission Cemetery (Lawton, OK), by Barbara and Kenneth Goodin. 1994.
- Doris Duke Oral History Collection, Western History Collection, University of Oklahoma libraries, Norman OK. (*interviews with several Comanche Indians during 1967-1972. Online at digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/duke/.)
- Indian Research and History, with Biographies, Book Reviews and Cemeteries, by Barbara Morris Goodin. - Indians Taxed and Indians Not Taxed in the U.S., 1890 (government document) - Index to the Comanche, Kiowa & Apache Obituaries, compiled by Paul Follett. Southwest Oklahoma Genealogical Society, 1999.
- Issues In Penatuhkah Comanche Ethnohistory (thesis), by Linda Pelon. University of Texas at Arlington, 1993.
- Kiowa Agency Mission Schools of Oklahoma, 1881-1914, compiled by Helen Bolt. Southwest Oklahoma Genealogical Society, 1988.
- Kiowa, Apache and Comanche Military Societies, by William Meadow. University of Texas Press, 1999.
- Kiowa, Comanche, Apache, Fort Sill Apache, Wichita, Caddo and Delaware Indian Birth and Death Rolls, 1924-1932. Mountain Press, 1996.
- Los Comanches: The Horse People, by Stanley Noyes. University of New Mexico Press, 1993.
- Numa-nu (The Comanche People): Fort Sill Indian School Experience, compiled by Delores Titchywy Sumner. 1981.
- Otipoby Comanche Cemetery Centennial 1888-1988 (Lawton OK), edited by Barbara Goodin. Comanche Printing, 1988.
- Otipoby Comanche Cemetery, Supplement, by Gladys Narcomey. 1989.
- Quanah, The Serpent Eagle, by Paul Foreman. Northland Press, 1983.
- Quanah Parker, Comanche Chief, by William T. Hagen. University of Oklahoma Press, 1993.
- Quanah Parker and His People, by Bill Neeley - Relocation of Post Oak Cemetery, Fort Sill OK, by Barbara Goodin. Southwest Oklahoma Genealogical Society, 1993.
- Sanapia: Comanche Medicine Woman, by David Jones. Waveland Press, 1972.
- Santa Anna (thesis), by Linda Pelon.
- Storms Brewed in Other Men's Worlds, by Elizabeth John. Texas A&M Press, 1975.
- Texas Indian Papers, edited by Winfrey & Day (5 volume set). Texas State Historical Association, Austin TX, 1995.
- The Story of Comanche Peaks, Landmark of Hood County (TX), by Vance Maloney. - The Comanche, by Willard H. Rollings.
- The Comanche and His Literature (thesis), by Herwana Becker Barnard. University of Oklahoma, 1941.
- The Comanches, A History: 1706-1875, by Thomas W. Kavanaugh. University of Nebraska Press, 1999. - The Last Comanche Chief: The Life and Times of Quanah Parker, by Bill Neeley. John Wiley and Sons, 1995.
- United States/Comanche Relations: The Reservation Years, by W. T. Hagan. Yale University Press, 1976.
These sources are NOT found in the Family History Room.
- Our Comanche Dictionary, compiled by members of the Comanche Language and Cultural Preservation Committee. Contains over 6,000 Comanche words, with an English to Comanche translation included. 2010
- A Grammar of Comanche Language, by Jean Ormsbee Charney
- A Guide To Issues In Indian Language Retention, by James J. Bauman
- Comanche Dictionary and Grammar, second edition, by Lila Wistrand Robinson & James Armagost. Summer Institute of Linguistics, 2012.
- Comanche Hymns, compiled by the Comanche Language and Cultural Preservation Committee. 2003.
- Comanche Hymns, compiled by Elliott Canonge. 1960.
- Comanche Linguistic Acculturation: A Study In Ethnolinguistics, by Joseph Casagrande. 1951. - Comanche Oral Narratives, A Dissertation by Galen M. Buller, May 1977.
- Comanche Texts (with Emily Riddles), compiled by Elliott Canonge. 1955.
- Comanche Vocabulary: Trilingual Edition, compiled by Manuel Garcia Rejon, edited by Daniel J. Gelo. University of Texas at Austin, 1995.
- Encouragement, Guidance, Insights, and Lessons Learned for Native Language Activists Developing Their Own Tribal Language Programs, by Darrell R. Kipp. Grotto Foundation, 2000.
- Language Acquisition Made Practical, by Thomas Brewster
- Manual For Master Apprentice (Language Immersion) Program, by Leanne Hinton.
- Native Languages As World Languages, prepared by Richard LaFortune. Grotto Foundation, 2000.
- Preserving the Comanche Language (thesis), by Randi Nott. - Stabilizing Indigenous Languages, edited by Gina Cantoni.
- The Compounding of Words in the Comanche Language (thesis), by William J. Becker
Above resources compiled by Barbara Goodin
Tribal Office Contact Information
Apache Tribe, 511 E. Colorado, PO Box 1330, Anadarko, OK 73005, 405.247.9493 800.246.2942, www.apachetribe.org
Ft. Sill Apache Tribe, 43187 US Hwy 281, Rt. 2, Box 121, Apache, OK 73006, 580.588.2298 877.826.0726, fortsillapache-nsn.gov
Kiowa Tribe, 100 Kiowa Way, PO Box 369, Carnegie, OK 73015, 580.654.2300, www.kiowatribe.org
Kiowa Tribal Museum and Resource Center, 100 Kiowa Way, Carnegie, OK 73015, 580.654.2300, ext. 217, @email
BIA-Anadarko Agency, Hwy 281 N. and Parker McKenzie Rd, PO Box 309, Anadarko, OK 73005, 405.247.6677, www.indianaffairs.gov/WhoWeAre/RegionalOffices/SouthernPlains/WeAre/Anadarko/index.htm
For contact information on all Oklahoma tribes: www.okhistory.org/pdf/pocketguide.pdf
- Oklahoma Historical Society Research Center - www.okhistory.org/research/genealogy
- Office of American Indian Culture and Preservation - www.okhistory.org/research/aicp?full
- The Comanche Language and Cultural Preservation Committee - www.Comanchelanguage.org
- Familysearch.org - familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Indians_of_Oklahoma